Present Tense definition and examples

Present Tense definition and examples


Present Tense definition and examples:

 The verbs in all of these tenses refer to the present time and are therefore said to be in the Present Tense.  

Simple Present Tense definition and examples:-

➡ In this tense the verb shows that the action is mentioned simply, without anything being said about the completeness or incompleteness of the action. 
➡️Sub + V + O
If the Subject is Third person singular number then 's' or 'es' will use. 
➡️A universal or general truth. 
➡️ An habitual or permanent action. 
➡️ A future action, when the future is indicated by the contest. 
➡️ A present action. 
➡️ Past events in order to make the narrative more vivid. 
➡️ Quotations from authors. 

EXAMPLE:-
  • The sun rises in the east. 
  • Ram goes to school everyday. 
  • Ram is a good student. 

Negative
➡️Sub + do/does not + V + O

EXAMPLE:-
  • Ram does not go to school daily. 
  • He does not read book. 
  • Shyam does not know swimming. 

Interrogative
➡️Wh + do/does + sub + V + o

EXAMPLE :-
  • Where do you go daily? 
  • Why does not Ram go to school? 

Present Continuous Tense definition and examples:- 
➡ In this tense the verb shows that the action is mentioned as incomplete or continuous that is as still going on.
➡️ S + am/is/are + V + ing + o
➡️ An action going on at present. 
➡️ A future action. 

EXAMPLE:- 
  • I am eating rice.
  • I am going to school.
  • He is going to school. 
  • You are reading book.
  • I am going to Dhaka tonight.  (Near future)
  • Are you coming to the meeting this afternoon? (Near future)

Negative
➡️ S + am/is/are + not + V + ing + O

EXAMPLE:-
  • He is not drinking water. 
  • I am not going to school. 

Interrogative
➡️Wh-word + am/is/are + sub + verb + ing + R

EXAMPLE:-
  • Where is Ram going? 
  • Why is Shyam crying? 
  • Why are you not reading? 



Present Perfect Tense definition and examples:-
➡ In this tense the verb shows that the action is mentioned as finished, complete, or perfect at the time of speaking.
➡️S + has/have + v (Past Participle form) 
➡️ Present perfect tense is used when the work has been done but its effect lasts.
➡️ To express an action just finished. 
EXAMPLE:-
  • I have eaten rice.
  • I have gone to school.
  • He has gone to school.
  • I have not eaten rice.
  • They have done the work.
  • He/she has studied for hours.
  • They have just played football. 
  • He has just played football.


Negative
➡️S + have not/has not + V. P. P + O

EXAMPLE:-
  • The heroin is not dance in this film. 
  • The writer has not completed his writing. 
  • You have not gone to school today. 

Interrogative
➡️Wh + have/has + S + V. P. P + O

EXAMPLE:-
  • Has Ram gone to market?
  • Where has Shyam lost the book?
  • Which subject has Arnab failed? 
  • Have the fishermen gone to catch fish? 


Present Perfect Continuous Tense definition and examples:-

➡ In this tense the verb shows that the action is going on continuously and not completed at this present moment. 
➡️S + has/have + been + V + ing + O
➡️The present perfect continuous tense is used for an action which began at some time in the past and is still continuing.

EXAMPLE:-
  • I have been doing this work for two days.
  • He has been reading for two hours. 
  • He has been reading since morning.
  • He/She has been reading in this school for three years.
  • He has been living here from his boyhood.
  • Fahim has been suffering from fever since sunday last.

Negative
➡️ S + have/has not been + V + ing + O

EXAMPLE:-
  • Arnab has not been cooking since day before yesterday. 
  • Ram has not been playing for a week. 

Interrogative
➡️ Wh + have/has + S + been + V + ing + R

EXAMPLE:-

  • Why has Arnab been playing since morning? 
  • Why has the baby been crying for a long time? 
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